Balkan Links Map: Races in Europe
Analysis:Blood Types
Illyria "Land of the Lyra"
Lang.Map: 6 cen.AD Eur.
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Racial Composition in European countries  and  Outline of Human Racial Classification
Rasna Kompozicija u Evropskim Zemljama i Kontura Ljudske Rasne Klasifikacije
Estimated Racial Composition  in Europe
Sweden = 70% Hallstatt Nordic (Carleton Coon described Sweden as a refuge area for the classic Nordic race), 10% Borreby (most common in the southwest coastal region, Upper Palelithic remains or UP), 10% Falish (most common in Dalarna (Kopparberg) and the southwest coastal region, UP+Nordic mix), 5% Tronder (most common near the central Norwegian border, UP+Nordic mix), 5% East Baltic (UP+Nordic mix) = 70% Nordic / 30% UP+Nordic mix (UP+N)

Norway = 45% Tronder (most common in the W), 30% Hallstatt Nordic (most common in the SE area around Oslo, pure Nordic), 10% Borreby (most common in the SW, UP), 7% Falish (most common in the south, UP+N), 5% East Baltic (most common in the far north, UP+N+L, L is semioriental Lagodan), 3% Palaeo-Atlantid (found in western coastal areas) = 30% Nordic / 52% UP+N / 10% UP / 5% UP+N+L / 3% Med.

Denmark = 40% Borreby (UP), 30% Falish (UP+N), 20% Hallstatt Nordik (N), 5% Anglo-Saxon (UP+N), 5% Istocni Baltik (UP+N+L) = 40% UP / 35% UP+N / 20% Nord. / 5% UP+N+L

Iceland = 60% Tronder (UP+N), 22% Borreby (UP), 15% Brunn (UP), 3% Palaeo-Atlantid (Med.) = 60% UP+N / 37% UP / 3% Med.

England = 30% Keltic Nordic (derived from pre-Roman Iron Age invaders ), 20% Anglo-Saxon (post-Roman Germanic invaders, most common in the southeast, especially East Anglia), 15% North-Atlantid and 10% Palaeo-Atlantid (blend of Mesolithic Atlanto-Mediterranean invaders with both earlier and later arrivals; most common in the Midlands and northwest), 8% Hallstatt Nordic (of Viking and Norman derivation, although it is said for Normans they spoke Latin and had dark hair), 5% Brunn, 5% Tronder (of Norwegian Viking derivation; most common in the northeast), 3% Borreby and 2% Falish (again of Viking and Norman derivation; associated with the landed gentry; source of the "John Bull" type), 2% Noric (from Bronze-Age invaders, depegmented Dinarics, Dinarics are 2/3 Med + 1/3 UP) = 57% UP+N / 25% Med / 8% N /  2% Dinarik.

Scotland = 30% Keltic Nordic, 22% Tronder (most common in the NE), 10% North-Atlantid (most common - W), 10% Anglo-Saxon (most common - SE), 10% Palaeo-Atlantid (most common - SW), 5% Brunn, 5% Hallstatt Nordic, 4% Borreby, 4% Noric = 62% UP+N / 20 Med./ 9% UP / 5% N / 4% Dinaric

Ireland = 40% Brunn (indigenous Paleolithic inhabitants, most common in the west), 30% Keltic Nordic (most common - E ), 9% North-Atlantid, 9% Borreby, 3% Palaeo-Atlantid, 3% Tronder, 2% Noric, 2% Anglo-Saxon, 1% Hallstatt Nordic  =49% UP / 35% UP+N / 12% Med / 2% Dinaric / 1% Nordic

Wales = 35% North-Atlantid, 30% Palaeo-Atlantid, 30% Keltic Nordic, 5% other types = 65% Med. / 30% UP+N / 5% other

The Netherlands = 50% Keltic Nordic (of Franks), 20% Borreby, 10% Anglo-Saxon (most common in Frisia), 10% Falish, 10% Hallstatt Nordic = 70% UP+N /  20% UP / 10% Nord.

Belgium = 60% Keltic Nordic (most common in Flanders, derived from the ancient Belgae and Franks), 35% Borreby and 5% Alpine (both most common in Wallonia , Alpine is upper-paleolithic remians or UP) = 60% UP+N / 40% UP

Luxembourg = 80% Alpine ( UP remains ), 15% Borreby, 5% other types = 95%UP / 5% ?

Germany = 25% Borreby (most common in the Rhine and Ruhr valleys and the north), 20% Falish (most common - N), 15% Alpine (most common in Baden and Bavaria, UP ), 15% Noric ( depegmented Dinarics, name originates from Roman Province of Noricum in todays Austria ), 6% Keltic Nordic (most common in the old Frankish country in the southwest), 5% Anglo-Saxon (most common - NW), 5% East Baltic, 5% Dinaric, 4% Hallstatt Nordic = 40% UP / 31% UP+N / 20% Dinaric / 5% UP+N+L  / 4% Nordik.

France = 30% Alpine ( UP ), 30% Noric (most common in the north), 20% Mediterranean (most common - S and Corsica ), 15% Dinaric, 3% Borreby (in the NE), 2% Nordic = 45% Dinaric / 33% UP / 20% Med. / 2% Nordic

Switzerland = 40% Keltic Nordic and 30% Noric (most common in the N, W and center), 15% Dinaric and 15% Alpine (most common  - S and E ) = 45% Dinarik / 40%  UP+N / 15% UP

Austria = 35% Noric ( depegmented Dinaric, word Noric s derived from Roman province of Noricum - todays Austria ) , 25% Dinaric, 20% Alpine ( UP ), 15% Keltic Nordic, 5% Hallstatt Nordic = 60% Dinaric / 20% UP / 15% UP+N / 5% Nord..

Poland = 55% Neo-Danubian ( Baltic or Real Slavs/Slavics, Lagodan or L + N ), 10% Ladogan ( UP - Mongoloid ) , 10% Alpine ( UP)), 10% Dinaric, , 5% Hallstatt Nordic, 5% Noric , 5% East Baltic = 55% (L+N), 15% Dinaric, 10% L(agodan), 10% UP, 5% UP+N+L, 5% Nordic.

Finland and the Baltic States = 50% East Baltic, 15% Hallstatt Nordic (most common in the Swedish-settled areas of Finland), 30% Neo-Danubian (most common - SE Lithuania and NE Finland), 5% Ladogan ( UP - Mongoloid ) = 50% (UP+N+L), 30% L+N , 15% Nordic, 5% L(agodan)

Czech Republic and Slovakia = 40% Alpine ( UP ) and 15% Noric (most common in Bohemia), 25% Dinaric (most common in Moravia), 20% Neo-Danubian (most common in Slovakia) = 40% UP /  40% Dinarik / 20% L+N

Hungary = 35% Neo-Danubian (most common or m.c. - NE), 25% Turanid (of Magyar derivation, semi-mongoloid), 20% Dinaric (m.c. - SW), 15% Alpine (m.c. - S, UP), 2% Nordic ( Germanic invasion impact ), 2% Noric, 1% E.Mediterranean = 35% L+N /  25% T /  22% Dinaric / 15% UP / 2% Nordik /  1% Med. 

Russia, Belorussia and Ukraine = 40% Neo-Danubian (most common in Belorussia and western Ukraine, Baltic Slavs ), 35% Ladogan ( UP - Mongoloid ), 8% Nordic( Germanic invasion impact ), 7% East Mediterranean (most common near the Black Sea coast), 5% Dinaric (m.c.  - E. Ukraine), 5% Noric = 40% L+N / 35% L / 12% Dinarik /  8% N / 7% Med.  .

Spain and Portugal = 85% West Mediterranean, 9% South Mediterranean,, 5% Dinaric ( among Basques ), 1% Nordic (most common in the remnants of the Visigoth aristocracy, remains of Germanic invasion ) = 94% Med / 5% Dinaric / 1% Nordic

Italy = 50% D.M. or Dinaricized Mediterranean (m.c. in the south and Sicily, descendants of Greek colonist when the region was known as  "Magna Graecia" or "Bigger Greece" for which is said to have had more Greeks then Greece ), 20% Dinaric (m.c.  -  N, Venets ), 15% Alpine (m.c. in the northwest, UP ), 10% West Mediterranean (m.c. in Sardinia), , 4% Noric (m.c. - N  ),  1% Nordic (remains of Germanic invasion )   = 50% D.M. / 24% Dinarik / 15% UP / 10% Med. / 1% Nordic

Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, Slovenia and Macedonia = 75% Dinaric ( preslavic Illyrians) , 10% West Mediterranean (most common on the coast), 10% Noric ( depegmented Dinaric ) and 5% Neo-Danubian (most common in the north and Pannonia, Baltic Slav )  = 85% Dinarik / 10% Med. / 5% L+N

Romania = 35% Dinaric (m.c. in the W ), 25% East Mediterranean (m.c. the coast ), 20% Neo-Danubian (m.c. in the NE, Baltic Slav), 10% Alpine ( UP ), 7% Noric and 3% Nordic (m.c. in the W, German colonists) = 42% Dinarik / 25% Med. / 20% L+N / 10% UP / 3 Nordik

Albania = 75% Dinaric ( Illyrian ), 10% West Mediterranean (m.c. on the coast), 10% Alpine ( Epirus, Dorians), 5% Noric = 80% Dinarik / 10% UP / 10% Med..

Bulgaria = 60% East Mediterranean ( mainly hellenistic Thracians ), 15% Alpine ( UP, Celtic impact? ) , 15% Dinaric , 5% Turanid ( NW Bulgaria, remains of semioriental Turkic Bulgars ), 5% Nordish ( Germanic invasion impact ) = 60% Med. / 15% Dinarik / 15% UP / 5% T / 5% N

Greece = 40% East Mediterranean ( Aegean, present among Minoans, Aheans , 25% Dinaricized Mediterranean ( also present among ancient Hellenes) , 20% Alpine (most common in Epirus , Dorians ), 10% Dinaric ( Dorians were partly Dinarics ), 5% Nordish (partly assimilated remnant, or genetic recombinations from solution; most common in the N, Germanic invasion impact) = 40% Med. / 25% D.M. / 20% UP / 10% Dinarik / 5% N

Turkey=35% Dinaricized Mediterraneans ( Greek colonists), 20% Mediterraneans ( Aegean coast, greek colonists), 25% Irano-Afghans ( eastern Turkey, Kurds ), 20% Turanids ( original semi-oriental Turkics,  inhabits continental parts of central Anatolia one of them being region around Konya ) = 35% D.M. / 25% I.A. / 20% Med. / 20% T.
Rasna Kompozicija u Evropskim Zemljama

Svedska = 70% Hallstatt Nordik ( Carleton Coon je opisao Svedsku kao utociste za   klasicnu  Nordisku rasu ), 10% Borreby ( najvise zastupljen u JZ primorskom regionu, gornjepaleolitski ostatci ili UP ), 10% Falish ( najcesci u Dalarna ( Kopparberg )  i u JZ primorskom regionu , UP+Nordik miks or UP+N), 5% Tronder ( najcesci u blizini centralne  Norveske granice, UP+Nordik miks ), 5% Istocni Baltik (UP + Nodsik miks) = 70% Nordik / 30% UP-Nordiski miks (UP+N).

Norveska = 45% Tronder ( najcesci zastupljen na Z), 30% Hallstatt Nordik ( najcesci u JZ zoni okolo Osla, cisti Nordijci ), 10% Borreby ( najcesci na JZ, UP ), 7% Falish ( najcesci na jugu, UP+N  ), 5% Istocni Baltik ( najcesci u najsjevernijim zonama, UP+N+L, L je semiorientalni Lagodan ), 3% Palaeo-Atlantid ( nalazi se u Z priobalnim zonama, Med. ) = 30% Nordik / 52% UP+N / 10% UP / 5% UP+N+L / 3% Med.

Danska = 40% Borreby (UP), 30% Falish (UP+N), 20% Hallstatt Nordik (N), 5% Anglo-Saxon (UP+N), 5% Istocni Baltik (UP+N+L) = 40% UP / 35% UP+N / 20% Nord./ 5% UP+N+L

Island = 60% Tronder (UP+N), 22% Borreby (UP), 15% Brunn (UP), 3% Palaeo-Atlantid (Med.) = 60% UP+N / 37% UP / 3% Med.

Engleska = 30% Keltik Nordik ( nastao od osvajaca iz Gvozdenoga  Doba ), 20% Anglo-Saxon ( post-Romanski tj Germanski osvajaci, najbrojniji u JI , posebno u Istocnoj Angliji ), 15% Sjeverno-Atlantid i 10% Palaeo-Atlantid ( hibrid od Mesolitskog Atlanto-Mediteranskih osvajaca zajedno sa ranijim i novijim migracijama ; najvise zastupljen u Midlands-Srednjoj Planinskoj zoni i u SZ ), 8% Hallstatt Nordik ( potomci od Vikinga i Normana-mada za Normane se kaze da  su govorili Latinski i imali tamnu kosu ), 5% Brunn, 5% Tronder ( od Norveskih Vikinga ; najcesci u SI ), 3% Borreby and 2% Falish ( isto  porijeklom od  Vikinga i Normana ; asocijacija sa doseljenom aristokracijom ; izvor "John Bull"- tipa ), 2% Norik ( iz Bronzanoga-Doba osvajaci, depegemtirani Dinarci, Dinarci su 2/3 Med + 1/3 UP ) = 57% UP+N / 25% Med / 8% N /  2% Dinarik.

Skodska = 30% Keltik Nordik, 22% Tronder (najvise zastupljen na SI ), 10% Sjevero-Atlantid ( najvise na Z ), 10% Anglo-Saxon ( najvise na JI ), 10% Palaeo-Atlantid ( navise na JZ ), 5% Brunn, 5% Hallstatt Nordik, 4% Borreby, 4% Norik = 62% UP+N / 20 Med./ 9% UP / 5% N / 4% Dinarik

Irska = 40% Brunn ( starosjediocki Paleolitski stanovnici , najvise na Z ), 30% Keltik Nordik ( najvise na I ), 9% Sjevero-Atlantid, 9% Borreby, 3% Palaeo-Atlantid, 3% Tronder, 2% Norik, 2% Anglo-Saxon, 1% Hallstatt Nordik =49% UP / 35% UP+N / 12% Med / 2% Dinaric / 1% Nordic

Vels = 35% Sjevero-Atlantid, 30% Palaeo-Atlantid, 30% Keltik Nordik, 5% = 65% Med. / 30% UP+N / 5% ostali.

Nizozemska / Holandija = 50% Keltik Nordik ( od Franaka ), 20% Borreby, 10% Anglo-Saxon ( najvise u Frisiji ), 10% Falish, 10% Hallstatt Nordik = 70% UP+N /  20% UP / 10% Nord.

Belgija = 60% Keltik Nordik ( najvise u Flanders, dolazi od drevnih Belgae i  Franaka ), 35% Borreby (UP ostatci) and 5% Alpinci ( obadva najvise zastupljeni u Wallonia , Alpinci su gornjepaleolitski ostatci ili UP ) = 60% UP+N / 40% UP

Luksemburg = 80% Alpinci ( gornjepaleolitski ostatci ), 15% Borreby, 5% ostali tipovi  = 95%UP / 5% ?

Germanija / Njemacka = 25% Borreby ( najvise u Rajna i Rur dolinama i na Sjeveru ), 20% Falish ( najvise na Sjeveru ), 15% Alpinci ( najvise u Baden i Bavarskoj , UP ), 15% Norik ( depegmenirani Dinarci, ime proizilazi iz istoimene provinije Norikum u zoni danasnje Austrije ), 6% Keltik Nordik ( najvise zastupljeni u staroj Franackoj zoni u JZ ), 5% Anglo-Saxon ( najvise u SZ ), 5% Istocni Baltik, 5% Dinarci, 4% Hallstatt Nordik = 40% UP / 31% UP+N / 20% Dinarik / 5% UP+N+L  / 4% Nordik.

Francuska = 30% Alpinci ( UP), 30% Norik ( najvise na Sjeveru ), 20% Mediteranci ( navise na J i Korzici, Romani ), 15% Dinarci,  3% Borreby ( na SI ), 2% Nordik = 45% Dinarik / 33% UP / 20% Med. / 2% Nordik

Svajcarska = 40% Keltik Nordik and 30% Norik ( najvise ih ima na S, Z i centru ), 15% Dinarci  i 15% Alpinci ( najvise zastupljeni kao grupa na J i I) = 45% Dinarik / 40%  UP+N / 15% UP

Austrija = 35% Norik ( depegmentirani Dinarci, rijec Norik proizilazi iz Romanske provincije Norikum - danasnja Austrija ) , 25% Dinaric, 20% Alpinci ( UP ), 15% Keltik Nordik, 5% Hallstatt Nordik = 60% Dinarik / 20% UP / 15% UP+N / 5% Nord.

Poljska = 55% Neo ( Novo )-Dunavci ( Balticki ili pravi Sloveni, Lagodan or L + N ), 10% Ladogan (UP-Mongoloid ) , 10% Alpinci ( UP ), 10% Dinarci,  5% Hallstatt Nordik, 5% Norik , 5% Istocni Baltik = 55% L+N, 15% Dinarik, 10% L(agodan), 10% UP, 5% UP+N+L, 5% Nordic.

Finska i Balticke zemlje = 50% Ist.Baltik, 15% Hallstatt Nordik ( najvise zastupljen u Svedskim kolonistickim zonama Finske ), 30% Neo-Dunavci ( najvise zastupljen u  JI  Litvaniji i SI Finskoj ), 5% Ladogan ( UP - Mongoloid ) = 50% (UP+N+L), 30% L+N , 15% Nordic, 5% L(agodan)

Ceska Republika i Slovacka = 40% Alpinci  ( UP ) i  15% Norik ( najvise u  Bohemiji ), 25% Dinarci ( najvise u Moravskoj ), 20% Neo-Dunavci ( najvise u Slovackoj) = 40% UP / 40% Dinarik /  20% L+N

Madjarska = 35% Neo-Dunavci ( najvise u SI ), 25% T or Turanid ( od originalnih Madjara , semi-mongoloidi ), 20% Dinarci ( najvise u JZ ), 15% Alpinci ( najvise na J , UP), 2% Nordik ( od Germanske invazije uticaj ), 2% Norik, 1% Istocni Mediteranci = 35% L+N /  25% T /  22% Dinarik / 15% UP / 2% Nordik /  1% Med.  

Rusija, Bjelorusija i Ukrajina = 40% Neo-Dunavci ( najvise u Bjelorusiji i Z Ukrajini , Balticki Sloveni  ), 35% Ladogan ( UP - Mongoloid ), 8% Nordik( od Germanske invazije uticaj  ), 7% Ist.Mediteranci ( Najvise prisutni u zoni Crnoga Mora ) , 5% Dinarci ( najvise u I.Ukrajini ), 5% Norik = 40% L+N / 35% L / 12% Dinarik /  8% N / 7% Med. /

Spanija i Portugal = 85% Zapadni Mediteranci , 9% Juzni Mediteranci,  5% Dinarci ( medju Baskima  ), 1% Nordik ( najvise prisutan kod mijesanih potomaka  Vizigot aristokratije, ostaci Germanske invazije ) = 94% Med / 5% Dinaric / 1% Nordic

Italija =  50% D.M. ili Dinarizovani Mediteranci ( najvise prisutni na J. i u Siciliji , potomci Grckih kolonista iz Juzne Italije kada je region bio poznat kao  "Magna Graecia" ili  "Velika Grcka" za koji  se kaze da je bilo vise GRka no u Grcku), 20% Dinarci ( najvise na S, Veneti ), 15% Alpinci ( UP ), 10% Zapadni Mediteranci  ( najvise u  Sardiniji ), 4% Norik ( najvise na S ) 1% Nordik ( ostatci Germanske invazije ) = 50% D.M. / 24% Dinarik / 15% UP / 10% Med. / 1% Nordic

Srbija, Hrvatska, Bosna, Slovenija i Makedonija = 75% Dinarci ( predslovenski Iliri ) , 10% Zap. Mediteranci ( najvise prisutan na primorju ), 10% Norik ( depegmentirani dinarci ) i  5% Neo( Novo )-Dunavci  ( navise na Sjeveru ili Panoniji , Balticki Sloveni ) = 85% Dinarik / 10% Med. / 5% L+N

Rumunija = 35% Dinarci ( najvise na Z  ), 25% Ist.Mediteranci (navise oko Crnoga Mora ), 20% Neo-Dunavci ( najvise u SI , Balticki Sloveni ), 10% Alpinci ( UP ), 7% Norik i  3% Nordik ( najvise na Z , Njemacki kolonisti ) = 42% Dinarik / 25% Med. / 20% L+N / 10% UP / 3 Nordik

Albanija = 75% Dinarci ( Iliri ), 10% Zap. Mediteranci ( najvise prisutan na primorju ), 10% Alpinci ( Epirus, Dorjani), 5% Norik = 80% Dinarik / 10% UP / 10% Med..

Bugarska = 60% Ist.Mediteranci ( pretezno helenisticki Tracani ), 15% Alpinci ( UP, Celtic impact?) , 15% Dinarci ,  5% Turanid ( SZ Bugarska, ostaci semiorijentalnih Turskih Bugara ), 5% Nordish ( od Germanske invazije uticaj ) = 60% Med. / 15% Dinarik / 15% UP / 5% T / 5% N

Grcka = 40% Ist. Mediteranci ( Egej, zastupljen kod Minoana,  Ahejanca ) , 25% Dinarizovani Mediteranci ( takodje prisutan kod drevnih  Helena  ), 20% Alpinci ( najprisutniji u Epirusu , Dorjani)  10% Dinarci ( Dorjani su djelimice bili Dinarci ), 5% Nordish ( djelimicno asimilirani ostaci, ili genetska recombinacija iz solucije, najvise prisutan na sjeveru,   proizilazi iz Germanske invazije ) = 40% Med. / 25% D.M. / 20% UP / 10% Dinarik / 5% N

Turska = 35% Dinarizovani Mediteranci ( grcki kolonisti), 20% Istocni  Mediteranci ( Egejska obala Turske, grcki kolonisti ), 25% Irano-Afghanci  ( istocna Turska, Kurdi), 20% Turanid ( originalni semi-orijentalni Turci , nastanjuje kontinentalnu zonu centralne Anatolije jedan od njih je region oko Konije ) = 35% D.M. / 25% I.A. / 20% Med. / 20% T.
Outline of Human Racial Classification:
Capoid or Khoisanid Subspecies of southern Africa
A. Khoid (Hottentot) race
B. Sanid (Bushmen) race

Congoid Subspecies of sub-Saharan Africa
A. Central African race
1. Palaecongoid subrace (the Congo river basin: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, Angola)
2. Sudanid subrace (western Africa: Niger, Mali, Senegal, Guinea)
3. Nilotid subrace (southern Sudan; the ancient Nubians were of this subrace)
4. Kafrid or Bantid subrace (east and south Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Natal)
B. Bambutid race (African Pygmies)
C. Aethiopid race (Ethiopia, Somalia; hybridized with Caucasoids)

Caucasoid or Europid Subspecies

A. Mediterranid race
1. West Mediterranean or Iberid subrace (Spain, Portugal, Corsica, Sardinia, and coastal areas of Morocco and Tunisia; the Atlanto-Mediterranean peoples who expanded over much of the Atlantic coastal regions of Europe during the Mesolithic period were a branch of this subrace)
2. East Mediterranean or Pontid subrace (Black Sea coast of Ukraine, Romania and Bulgaria; Aegean coasts of Greece and Turkey)
3. Dinaricized Mediterraneans (Residual mixed types resulting from the blending of Mediterranids with Dinarics, Alpines or Armenids; not a unified type, has much regional variation; predominant element [over 60%] in Sicily and southern Italy, principal element in Turkey [35%], important element in western Syria, Lebanon and central Italy, common in northern Italy. The ancient Cappadocian Mediterranean subrace of Anatolia was dinaricized during the Bronze Age [second millennium B.C.] and is a major contributor to this type in modern Turkey.)
4. South Mediterranean or Saharid subrace (predominant in Algeria and Libya, important in Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt)
5. Orientalid or Arabid subrace (predominant in Arabia, major element from Egypt to Syria, primary in northern Sudan, important in Iraq, predominant element among the Oriental Jews)

B. Dinaric race (predominant in western Balkans [Dinaric Mountains] and northern Italy, important in the Czech Republic, eastern and southern Switzerland, western Austria and eastern Ukraine)

C. Alpine race (predominant element in Luxembourg, primary in Bavaria and Bohemia, important in France, Hungary, eastern and southern Switzerland)

D. Ladogan race (named after Lake Ladoga; indigenous to Russia; includes Lappish subrace of arctic Europe)

E. Nordish or Northern European race (various subraces in the British Isles, Scandinavia, the Netherlands and Belgium; predominant element in Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Finland and the Baltic States; majority in Austria and Russia; minority in France, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary; outlined in detail in The Nordish Race)

F. Armenid race (predominant element in Armenia, common in Syria, Lebanon and northern Iraq, primary element among the Ashkenazic Jews)

G. Turanid race (partially hybridized with Mongoloids; predominant element in Kazakhstan.; common in Hungary and Turkey)

H. Irano-Afghan race (predominant in Iran and Afghanistan, primary element in Iraq, common [25%] in Turkey)

I. Indic or Nordindid race (Pakistan and northern India)

J. Dravidic race (India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka [Ceylon]; ancient stabilized Indic-Veddoid [Australoid] blend)

Australoid Subspecies
A. Veddoid race (remnant Australoid population in central and southern India)
B. Negritos (remnants in Malaysia and the Philippines)
C. Melanesian race (New Guinea, Papua, Solomon Islands)
D. Australian-Tasmanian race (Australian Aborigines)

Mongoloid Subspecies

A. Northeast Asian race (various subraces in China, Manchuria, Korea and Japan)
B. Southeast Asian race (various subraces in Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, some partly hybridized with Australoids)
C. Micronesian-Polynesian race (hybridized with Australoids)
D. Ainuid race (remnants of aboriginal population in northern Japan)
E. Tungid race (Mongolia and Siberia, Eskimos)
F. Amerindian race (American Indians; various subraces)

Dominant or predominant = over 60% majority
Majority or major = 50-60% majority
Principal or primary = 25-49% plurality; less than a majority, but most numerous racial type
Important = 25-49% minority; not most numerous racial type
Common = 5-25% minority
Minor = less than 5% minority
Kontura Ljudske Rasne Klasifikacije

Capoid ili Khoisanid podgrupa J Afrike
A. Khoid (Hottentot) rasa
B. Sanid (Bushmen) rasa

Kongoid podgrupa  pod-Saharske Afrike
A. Centralna Africka rasa 
1. Palaekongoid rasna podgrupa ( Kongo rijeka region : Obala Slonovace , Gana, Nigerija, Kamerun, Kongo, Angola)
2. Sudanid podgrupa ( Z Afrika : Niger, Mali, Senegal, Gvineja)
3. Nilotid podgrupa ( J Sudan; drevni Nubijani su bili ove podgrupe )
4. Kafrid ili  Bantid podgrupa ( Ist. i J. Afrika : Kenija, Tanzanija, Mozambik, Natal)
B. Bambutid rasae ( Afrikanski Pigmi )
C. Aethiopid race ( Etiopija, Somalija; hibrid sa Kavkaskom ili preciznije sa Semitskom rasom )

Kavkaske ili  Evropid podgrupe

A. Mediteranid rasa
1. Zapadno Mediteranska ili  Iberid podrupa ( Spanija , Portugal, Korsika, Sardinija, i priobalne zone Maroka i Tunisa ; Atlanto-Mediteranski narodi koji su se prosirili kroz dobar dio Atlantskih priobalnih regiona Evrope za vrijeme Mezolitika prestavljaju dio ove podgrupe )
2. Istocno Mediteranci ili  Pontid podgrupa ( Crnomorska priobalna zona Ukrajine , Rumanije i Bugarske ; Egeska obala Grcke i Turske )
3. Dinarizovani Mediteranci ( Proizvod mijesanja Mediteranca sa Dinarcima, Alpincima ili  Armenoidima ; nije unificirani tip , ima regionalih varijacija ; predominantni elementi [ preko  60%] u Sicilija i J.Italija , principalni elemenat u Turska [35%], glavni elemenat Z Sirija, Libanon i Juzna Italija , cest u Sjevernoj Italiji . Drevna  Kapadokijanska  Mediteranska podgrupa Anatolija je Dinarizovana tokom Bronzane Ere   [ drugi  milenium P.N.E.] i prestavlja glavni izvor ovoga tipa kada je u pitanju zona moderne Turske )
4. Juzno Mediteranska ili  Saharidska podgrupa ( predominantna u Alziru i Libiji , vazna u Maroko, Tunis i Egipat )
5. Orientalid ili Arabid podgrupa  ( predominantna u Arabija, glavni elemenat od Egipat do Sirije, glavni u Sjevernom Sudanu , vazan u Iraku, predominantan elemenat kod  Orientalnih Jevreja )

B. Dinarska rasa ( predominanta u Zaapdnom Balkanu [ Dinarske planine ] i  Sjevernoj Italiji , vazna u Ceskoj Republici, Istocnoj i Juznoj Svajcarskoj , zapadnoj  Austriji i  Istocnoj Ukrajini )

C. Alpinska rasa ( predominantan elemenat u Luksemburg, glavni u Bavarskoj i  Bohemiji, vazan u Francuskoj, Madjarskoj , istocna i Juzna Svajcarska )

D. Ladogan rasa ( imenovan po jezeru Lagoda ; autohron za Rusiju ; ukljucuje Lapsku podgrupu articke Evrope )

E. Nordish ili Sjevero Evropska rasa ( razne podgrupe na Britanskim ostrvima , Skandinavija, Holandija i  Belgija ; predominanat elemenat u  Njemackoj , Svajcarskoj,  Poljskoj , Finskoj i Baltickim zemljama ; vecina u Austriji i Rusiji ; manjina u Francuskoj, Ceska Republika, Slovacka i Madjarska ; objasnjen u detalj pod  Nordish Rasa )

F. Armenid rasa ( predominantan elemenat u Armeniji, cest u Siriji, Libanonu i sjevernom Iraku, osnovni elemenat medju Askenazi Jevrejima )

G. Turanid rasa ( djelimicno hibridizirana sa Mongoloidima ; predominanat elemenat u Kazahstan.; cest u Madjarskoj i Turskoj )

H. Irano-Afghanska rasa ( predominanat u Iran i  Afganistan, vazan elemenat u  Irak, cest  [25%] u  Turskoj )

I. Indiska ili Nordindiska rasa ( Pakistan i Sjeverna Indija )

J. Dravidska rasa ( Indija, Bangladesh i Sri Lanka [Cejlon]; drevni stabilizirani Indo-Veddoid [Australoid] hibrid )

Australoid podgrupa
A. Veddoid rasa  ( ostaci Australoid populacije u centralom i juznom dijelu Indije )
B. Negritos ( ostaci u Maleziji i Filipinima )
C. Melanezijanska rasa ( Nova Gvineja, Papua, Solomon ostrva )
D. Australijansko-Tasmanijanska rasa ( Australijanski Aboridjini )

Mongoloid podgrupe

A. SI Aziska rasa ( razne podrupe u Kini , Mandjuriji, Koreja i Japan )
B. JI  Aziska rasa (  razne podrupe u Indokini , Tajlandu, Maleziji,  Indoneziji i Filipinima, neki su djelimicno hibridi sa Australoidima )
C. Micronesiansko-Polinesianska rasa ( hibridizirana sa Australoidima )
D. Ainuid rasa ( ostaci autohrone populacije S Japana )
E. Tungid rasa ( Mongolija i  Siberija, Eskimos)
F. Amero-indijanska rasa ( Americki Indijanci; razne podgrupe )
Dominantan ili predominantan = preko  60% vecina
vecina ili glavni  = 50-60% vecina 
Principalni ili primarni = 25-49% procenat ; manje od vecine , ali najbrojniji rasni tip.
Vazan = 25-49% manjina; nije najbrojniji rasni tip.
Cest = 5-25% manjina 
Minorni = manje od  5% manjine
Rasna Klasifikacija unutar Bijele Rase

Megalo-kefalni ( megalo-velik,kefalikos-glava ) Palaelitski ( Prezivjeli ) ostaci

Brunn: (Cro-Magnon, do odredjenog stepena ) nalazi se u hibridu sa Borreby, Nordik, i ostalim elementima , najvise u Skandinaviji i Britanskim ostrvima , takodje u Sjevernoj  Africi i Kanarskim ostrvima ( koja su pored Maroka ) . Moze da se manifestuje u komparativno cistoj formi kod individua mada nidje ne prestavlja totalnu populaciju.

(2) Borreby: Megalo-kefalni brahikefalci ( Hel. "Vrahikefalos" koje proizilazi od Vrahi-Malen i Kefalos-Glava .U  Engleskom recniku brachycephalic takodje znaci i "broadheaded" ili broad=sirok i Head=glava ) od  Ofnet-Afalou tipa , prestavlja nesmanjenu brahikefalnu varijantu u Cro-Magnonu; nalazi se u hibridu u periferalnim regionima sjeverno zapadne Evrope , i glavni elemenat populacije ( stanovnistva ) u vecini sjeverne i centralne Njemacke , kao i Belgije . Kao i  Brunn rasa, sa kojom se cesto asocira , takodje se pojavljuje u sjevernoj Africi i na Kanarskim ostrvima .

B.Cisti i mijesani Paleolitski i Mesolitski ( prezivjeli ) ostaci Meso-kefalaca56 ( Hel. Mesos-U sredini , srednji )

3) Alpinci: Smanjeni i donekle  foetalizirani ostaci Gornje Palaeolitske populacije iz Kasnog Pleistocena unutar Francuske, veoma brahikefaliziran ; izgleda da prestavlja dobrim dijelom izvor brahikefalnog faktora unutar Cro-Magnona. Slicnost sa ovim tipom takodje se pojavljuje na Balkanu kao i u Planinskim zonama zapadne i centralne Azije, sto pretpostavlja da drevni prototip ovoga tipa je bio rasiren u kasnijem Pleistocenu.U modernim rasama ponekad se javlja u relativno cistoj formi , ponekad kao elemenat kod mijesanih brahikefalnih populacija koje su mijesanog korijena. Takodje postoji mogucnost da je i u Pleistocenu i u modernom dobu bio nosilac  tendencije prema  brahikefalizaciji kod pojedinih populacija.

(4) Ladogan: Predlazem da se da ovo ime da za potomke mesokefalne i brahikefalne  ( koji zive unutar suma ) populacije sjeverne Evrope istocno od Baltika u  Kammkeramik Eri. Ovaj tip je hibrid od djelimicno mongoloidnog  brahikefalnog elementa sa  mesokefalnom formom generalog Gornjeg Palaeolitskog aspekta ; ovi elementi se vide  u Kranijumu ( Hel. Kranion je srodan sa Hel. Kara=Glava ) iz jezera Ladoga i  Salis Roje. ( Pogledaj Poglavlje IV, sekcija 13, strane 125-126.) Kordinari ( Eng.Corded = povezan kanapom.Ovaj elemenat je poznat i kao "Battle-axe type" ili "Ratne Sjekire Tip"  ) i / ili  Dunavski elementi su definitivno mijesani odje , mada  mongoloidi i Gornje Palaeolitski elementi u sadasnjem vremenu izgledaju vazniji. U svojom sadasnjoj formi ovaj kombinovani tip pokazuje dvije brojne varijante :

(a) Novo-Dunavski : Snazno mijesan sa starim Dunavskim , i u manjem stepenu sa ostalim elementima , da bi formirao obican seljacki tip istocne Evrope , sa dosta lokalnih varijacija .

(b) Istocno Balticki : Snazno mijesan sa Kordiranim , Gvozdenoga Doba Nordik, i zapadnim Palaeolitskim ( prezivjelim ) ostacima da bi formirao predominatnu populaciju vecine Finske i u Baltickim zemljama.

(5) Lapski : Zakrzljali ( maloga rasta ) , visoko brahikefalni , vecinom brunet rodjak od Lagodana , originalno zivi na istoku od zone Ladogan tipa , na Uralu i u zapadnoj Sibiriji.Vjerovatno je asimilirao neki evolucionirani mongoloidni tip, ali najvise razloga za njegov djelimicno mongoloidni izgled duguje vise time sto je zadrzao svoj raniji  sredisni  evolucionarni polozaj. U modernim vremenima se dosta izmijesao sa Ladoganom i sa Nordikom.

C.Cisti i mijesani nebrahikefalni Mediteranski derivati

(6) Mediteranci : Unutar ove generalne klase, koja je zadrzala dosta svoga originalnog rasnog izgleda , sledece podgrupe za sada se mogu izdvojiti :

(a) Mediteranci Pravi : Niske statute , doliokefalci ( Hel.Dolichos-dugacak ) i mesokefalci  ( Hel. Mesos-U sredini , srednji)  forme postoje u Spaniji, Portugalu, zapadnim Medit. ostrvima , i do odrednjenog stepena u sjevernoj Africi, juznoj Italiji , i ostle Medit. granicne zone. Njeni najcistiji u sadasnjem vremenu rasni nukleus je bez sumlje Arabija ( u to ciso sumljam jer Grekoromanska rasa i originalni Arabski rasni prostor poput recimo Omana su veoma rasno drugacije.Pisci ponekad pokusavaju da pojednostavne neke teorije umjesto da ulaze u dublje analize ) . Vecina Kapadokije, izolirane u skeletnom materijalu, izgleda da je upijena u zapadno Mediteransku varijantu poslije rane Metalne Ere migracije, dok je to sto je ostalo u Anatoliji je postalo asimilirano od strane Dinaraca i  Armenoida. I dalje se pojavljuje medju individuma u svojoj originalnoj formi, i cestoje prisutna medju Orientalnim ( ovdje Orijent svakako ne znaci daleki orijent ) Jevrejima.

(b) Atlanto-Mediteranci : Visoki, pravoga-nosa Mediteranci, nijesu mesokefalci, kako je Deniker pogresno predlozio, vec snazno doliokefalci. Danas, ova rasa formira principalni elemenat u populaciji sjeverne Afrike, i jak je u Iraku, Palestini, djelovima Arabije, i u istocnom Balkanu ; u smanjenim kolicinama sa razlicitim stepenima negroidog uticaja
takodje je principalna rasa u citavoj Istocnoj Africi ( Etiopija i Somalija ). U Evropi prestavlja manjinski elemenat u Iberskom Poluostrvu,Italiji, i Britanskim ostrvima.

(c) Irano-Afganci: Dugackoga lica, high-headed ( high-visoko,head-glava ), hook-nosed ( kukasti nos  ) tip, obicno visok, formira principalni elemenat u populaciji Irana, Afganistan, i u Turkomanskoj zemlji , i koji je isto prisutan u Palestini, djelovima Arabije, i sjeverne Afrike. Najvjerovatnije je srodan Kordiranom tipu Neolitika i Bronzanoga Doba.

(7) Nordici: Osnovni Nordik je Kordirani-Dunavski hibrid od Aunjetitz i od Ranog Gvozdenoga Doba u centralnoj Evropi. Ovaj tip ukljucuje neke Bell Beaker Dinarce koji su "upijeni" u ranom Metalnom dobu. Mada Dunavski i Kordirani tipovi mogu izgledati kao individue, oni nemogu nidje biti izolirani kao populacije. Najvaznije zive Nordiske varijante su :

(a) Keltski Gvozdenoga Doba Tip : Keltski pod-tip, mesokefalan i niskog svoda ( vault-svod ), sa istaknutim nosem ( misicavo-'loptast'  ) . Najcesci u Britanskim ostrvima dje u mjestima prestavlja vazan tj principalni elemenat u populaciji. Takodje glavni elemenat u Flandersu i u Franackoj zemlji u JZ Njemackoj ( ovaj tip je popravilu mijesan sa Mediteranskim elementima - glavni su Romanski elementi  ).

(b) Anglo-Saksonski Tip : Stari Germanski Reihengräber tip, teskih kostiju, radije se moze klasifikovati kao visoko-glavata Nordiska varijanta, najvise zastupljena u Sjevernoj Njemackoj i Engleskoj ( posebno istocnom dijelu Engleske ).

(c) Trondelagen Tip : Hibridni tip Nordijaca sa Kordranim i Brunn elementima, cest u centralnim priobalnim provincijama Norveske , sjevrno od Dovre Planina ; principalna forma u Islandu, i medju Frisiancima, i cest u Britanskim ostrvima . Anglo-Saksonski tip se nalzi izmedju njega i pravog Nordiskog tipa.

(d) Osterdal Tip: Originalni Hallstatt Nordik, sa manjom glavom i finijom kostanom definicijom od  (b) ili  (c); pojavljuje se u mnogim populacijama kao individue, tipican  jedino u Svedskoj i u istocnim dolinama Norveske.

D.Brahikefalizirani Mediteranski Derivati, najvjerovatnije mijesani

(8) Dinarci : Visoki, brahikefalni tip srednje pigmentacije , obicno  planocipitalan (Lat.1-Plano-obican,ravan; 2-Occipitium-pozadina glave ), i pokazuje facialni (lice) i nasalni ( nos) prominens ( prominence-ispupcenje,istaknuti polozaj ) naroda oko Bliskog Istoka. Osnovna populacija cijelog  Dinarsko-Alpskog planinskog lanca od Svajcarske do Epirusa, takodje na Karpatima i na Kavkazu , kao i u Siriji i Anatoliji . Ocigledno brahikefalizirani hibrid u kojem Atlanto-Mediteranski i Kapadokijanski elementi su vazni,sa Alpinskim kao brahikefaliskim agentom u hibridu. Borreby i Kordirani elementi, izgleda da su prisutni u odredjenim zonama.

(9) Armenoidi: Slican brahikefalni kompozicioni tip, sa istom kefalnom ( glava ) formom kao Dinarci , but a larger face and nose. Pigmentacija je skoro uvijek brunet,  pilous (Lat. pilsus, od pilus - kosa ) razvice brade i tijela je poprilicno , nos je "high rooted" ( high-visok,root-korijen ) , "convex" ( Lat. convexus -luk,svod ), sa depresnim krajem, posebno u starije dane . Razlika izmedju Armenoida i  Dinaraca je ta sto je kod Arm. Mediteranski elemenat dolazi iz pravca Irano-afganske rase, brahikefaliziran od strane Alpinske mjesavine.

(10) Norik: Plavi , planocipitalan brahikefalan tip koji se cesto  najde u juznoj Njemackoj i u drugim centralnim Evropskim regionima. Ovo je posrijedi Gvozdenog Doba Nordik brahikefaliziran od strane Dinarske mjesavine i u vecini slucajeva uzima formu plave Dinarske varijante. Obadvoje Deniker i Czekanowski su prepoznali ovaj tip , i on je standardna rasa, sa razlicitim imenima, u vecini Ruskih studija . Ime Norik je dato od  Lebzelter ( da posjetim da je ovaj tip navise zastupljen u Austriji koja je ista geografska zona sa Romanskom provincijom Norikum ). Brahikefalizirani Neo-Dunavski , cest u  Jugoslaviji, je paralela ili varijantska forma.

Deset rasnih tipova unutar bijele rase napisani gore, sa podgrupama, formiraju dva od tri glavne divizije unutar bijele rase , u najsirem obimu , kada podijeljen na bazi kefalne dimenzije. Treca divizija, ta od ljudi sa malim glavama ( mikro-kefalci ) , ukljucuje
staru populaciju J. Arabije istocno od Jemena, i razne grupe u Baluchistan ( pakistansko-iranska granicna zona ), i takodje u juznoj Indiji. Treca varijanta je karakteristicna po gustini talasaste ili vitice kose , i facialne ( faca ) karakteristike   Vedoidskog karaktera koji u nekim slucajevima pretpostavlja srodnost sa Australoidima. Treca divizija nas nece interesovati odje sa obzirom da ne podpada u dio bijele rase. Paznja ce joj biti posvecena u detalju u preciznoj sekciji regionalne studije.

Izuzimajuci prave Evropske rase, kako je vec to posveceno u predhodnim paragrafima, i njihovu  Vedoidsku drugostepenost , postoje pojedine u potpunosti evolvirane nebijele rase koje su uticale na Evropske populacije preko intrusije i hibridovanja. Ove ukljucuje bar dvije od pod-divizija mongoloidne familije - the Buryat-Mongol, u kojem Avarima djelimicno su pripadali , i koje je danas representirano u Evropskoj zoni preko Samojeda; i  Tunguza, varijante ranih Huna. Ovima se moze dodati po izgledu stabilizirane mijesane forme, koje posjecaju na djelimicno mongoloidne Dinarce, kojima dobar dio centralno Azijatskih Turskih plemenika pripada. U dodatku ovim Azijatima, na drugu stranu imamu ostatke Africkoga Negroida, koji je imao ogranicenoga uticaja u formiranju rase u Mediteranskom regionu , posebno u sjevernoj Africi i djelovima Arabije ( mada smatram da je Semitska rasa ta koja je prije uticala na stvaranje hibridovane Etiopsko-Somalske  rase koja pokazuje i Bantu i Semistki uticaj dok Bantu uticaj nije primijetan uopste kod Semita i time ni originalni Africka rasa ) . Ostali nebijeli rasni elementi , poput Australoid, Negrito, i  Khoi-San (Bushman-Hottentot, Kalahari pustinja i okolina ), nijesu imali nikakvoga primijetnoga uticaja na bijelu rasu u zoni njene postojbine.
Racial Classification within the White Family


Brunn: (Cro-Magnon, to some extent) found in solution with Borreby, Nordic, and other elements, mostly in Scandinavia and the British Isles, also in North Africa and Canary Islands. May appear in comparatively pure form among individuals although nowhere as a total population.

(2) Borreby: Large-headed brachycephals of Ofnet-Afalou type, the unreduced brachycephalic strain in Cro-Magnon; found in solution in peripheral regions of northwestern Europe, and as a major population element in most of northern and central Germany, and in Belgium. Like the Brunn race, with which it is often associated, it occurs also in North Africa and the Canary Islands.


(3) Alpine: A reduced and somewhat foetalized survivor of the Upper Palaeolithic population in Late Pleistocene France, highly brachycephalized; seems to represent in a large measure the bearer of the brachycephalic factor in Cro-Magnon. Close approximations to this type appear also in the Balkans and in the highlands of western and central Asia, suggesting that its ancestral prototype was widespread in Late Pleistocene times. In modern races it sometimes appears in a relatively pure form, sometimes as an element in mixed brachycephalic populations of multiple origin. It may have served in both Pleistocene and modern times as a bearer of the tendency toward brachycephalization into various population.

(4) Ladogan: I propose to give this name to the descendants of the mesocephalic and brachycephalic forest-dwelling population of northern Europe east of the Baltic in Kammkeramik times. This type is a blend of a partly mongoloid brachycephalic element with a mesocephalic form of general Upper Palaeolithic aspect; these elements are seen in crania from Lake Ladoga and Salis Roje. (See Chapter IV, section 13, pp. 125-126.) Corded and/or Danubian elements are inextricably blended here, although the mongoloid and Upper Palaeolithic elements seem at present more important. In its present form this composite type shows two numerous variants:

(a) Neo-Danubian: Strongly mixed with the old Danubian, and to a lesser extent other elements, to form the common peasant type of eastern Europe, with many local variants.

(b) East Baltic: Strongly mixed with Corded, Iron Age Nordic, and western Palaeolithic survivors to form the predominant population of much of Finland and the Baltic States.

(5) Lappish: A stunted, highly brachycephalized, largely brunet relative of the Ladogan, originally living to the east of the Ladogan type area, in the Urals and western Siberia. Has probably assimilated some evolved mongoloid, but owes its partly mongoloid appearance more to the retention of an early intermediate evolutionary condition. In modern times much mixed with Ladogan and Nordic.


(6) Mediterraneans: Within this general class, which still retains much of its original racial unity, the following sub-classes may at present be distinguished:

(a) Mediterranean Proper: Short-statured, dolicho- and mesocephalic form found in Spain, Portugal, the western Mediterranean islands, and to some extent in North Africa, southern Italy, and other Mediterranean borderlands. Its purest present-day racial nucleus is without doubt Arabia. Most of the Cappadocian, isolated in the skeletal material, seems to have been absorbed into the western Mediterranean variety after its early Metal Age migration, while that which remained in Asia Minor became assimilated into the Dinaric and Armenoid. It still appears, however, among individuals in its original form, and is particularly common among Oriental Jews.

(b) Atlanto-Mediterranean: The tall, straight-nosed Mediterranean, not mesocephalic, as Deniker erroneously stated, but strongly dolichocephalic. Today this race forms the principal element in the population of North Africa, and is strong in Iraq, Palestine, parts of Arabia, and the eastern Balkans; in solution with varying degrees of negroid it is also the principal race in the whole of East Africa. In Europe it is a minority element in the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and the British Isles.

(c) Irano-Afghan: The long-faced, high-headed, hook-nosed type, usually of tall stature, which forms the principal element in the population of Iran, Afghanistan, and the Turkoman country, and which is also present in Palestine, parts of Arabia, and North Africa. It is probably related to the old Corded type of the Neolithic and Bronze Age.

(7) Nordics: The basic Nordic is the Corded-Danubian blend of the Aunjetitz and of the Early Iron Age in central Europe. This type includes some Bell Beaker Dinaric absorbed in early Metal Age times. Although Danubian and Corded types may appear as individuals, they may nowhere be isolated as populations. The most important living Nordic varieties are:

(a) Keltic Iron Age Type: The Keltic sub-type, mesocephalic and low-vaulted, with a prominent nose. Commonest in the British Isles where in places it forms the principal element in the population. Also a major element in Flanders and the Frankish country in southwestern Germany ( this type is as a rule for the most part mixed with Med. elements-major being Roman elements ).

(b) Anglo-Saxon Type: The old Germanic Reihengräber type, a heavy-boned, rather high-headed Nordic variety, most prevalent in northern Germany and England.

(c) Trondelagen Type: A hybrid type of Nordic with Corded and Brunn elements, frequent in the central coastal provinces of Norway, north of the Dovre Mountains; the principal form in Iceland, and among the Frisians, and common in the British Isles. The Anglo-Saxon type lies between it and the true Nordic.

(d) Osterdal Type: The original Hallstatt Nordic, smaller-headed and finer boned than (b) or (c); occurs in many populations as individuals, typical only in Sweden and in the eastern valleys of Norway.


(8) Dinarics: A tall, brachycephalic type of intermediate pigmentation, usually planoccipital, and showing the facial and nasal prominence of Near Eastern peoples. The basic population of the whole Dinaric-Alpine highlands from Switzerland to Epirus, also in the Carpathians and Caucasus, as well as Syria and Asia Minor. Apparently a brachycephalized blend in which Atlanto-Mediterranean and Cappadocian strains are important, with Alpine acting as the brachycephalizing agent in mixture. Borreby and Corded elements, also Nordic, appear to be involved in some regions.

(9) Armenoids: A similar brachycephalic composite type, with the same head form as the Dinaric, but a larger face and nose. The pigmentation is almost entirely brunet, the pilous development of beard and body abundant, the nose high rooted, convex, and the tip depressed, especially in advanced age. The difference between the Armenoid and the Dinaric is that here it is the Irano-Afghan race which furnishes the Mediterranean element, brachycephalized by Alpine mixture.

(10) Noric: A blond, planoccipital brachycephal frequently encountered in South Germany and elsewhere in central Europe. This is apparently an Iron Age Nordic brachycephalized by Dinaric mixture and seems in most respects to take the form of a blond Dinaric variant. Both Deniker and Czekanowski have recognized this type, and it is a standard race, under various names, in most Russian studies. The name Noric was gived it by Lebzelter. A brachycephalized Neo-Danubian, common in Jugoslavia, is a parallel or variant form.

The ten racial types within the white race listed above, with their sub-types, form two of the three main divisions of the white race, in its widest sense, when segregated on the basis of head size. The third division, that of the peoples with small heads, includes the aboriginal population of southern Arabia east of the Yemen, and various groups in Baluchistan, and again in southern India. This third variety is characterized by an abundance of wavy or ringleted hair, and facial features of a Veddoid character which in some instances suggest Australoid affinities. This third division need not, however, concern us here, because it falls outside the major range of the white race. It will be dealt with in some detail in the proper section of the regional study.

Besides the European races proper, as listed in the preceding paragraphs, and their Veddoid collaterals, there are certain fully evolved non-white races which have influenced the European population by intrusion and blending. These include at least two of the sub-divisions of the mongoloid family - the Buryat-Mongol, to which the Avars in part belonged, and which is today represented on European soil by the Samoyeds; and the Tungusic, the type of the early Huns. To these may be added an apparently stabilized mixed form, resembling a partially mongoloid Dinaric, to which many central Asiatic Turkish tribesmen belong. In addition to these Asiatics, there remains the African Negro, which has had certain influences upon the formation of race in the Mediterranean region, especially in North Africa, and in parts of Arabia. Other non-white stocks, such as the Australoid, Negrito, and Khoi-San (Bushman-Hottentot), have not affected the white group in its homelands in any discernible way.
Knjige koristene za klasifikaciju

32 Deniker, J., The Races of Man, pp. 280-284.

33 Topinard, P., RDAP, second series, vol. 1, p. 509, 1878, etc.

34 Haeckel, E. H., Naturliche Schopfungsgeschichte, vol. 7, pp. 626, 647.

35 Muller, Fr., Allgemeine Ethnographie, pp. 17-19.

36 Deniker, J., loc. cit.

37 Deniker, J., BSAP, vol. 12, 1899, p. 320; JRAI, vol. 34, 1904, pp. 181-206; The Races of Man, pp. 285-286.

38 Based upon Deniker's 1912 classification with some reference to his 1889 scheme as well.

39 Sergi, G., Specie e varieta umane; L' Uomo; Le Origini Umane; The Mediterranean Race.

40 Ripley, W. Z., The Races of Europe.

41 Gobineau, A. de, Essai sur l'inegalite des races humaines.

42 Verneau, R., BMSA, Paris, ser. 2, vol. 2, 1876, pp. 408-417; Arch des Missions Scientifiques et Litteraires, Paris, 1887,ser. 3, vol. 13, pp. 567-817.

43 Meyer, H., Die Insel Teneriffe; Uber die Urbewohner der Canarischen Inseln.
Luschan, F. von, article in Meyer, Teneriffe.

44 Paudler, F., Die hellfarbigen Rassen. See also his earlier article in Anthropos, vols. 12-13, 1917-18, pp. 641-694.

45 Kossinna, G., Ursprung und Verbreitung der Germanen, MannusB, #6a, 1928.

46 Eickstedt, E. von, Rassenkunde und Rassengeschichte der Menschheit.

47 I am omitting Gunther, despite his great vogue, since his system is a close Germanization of Deniker's, with a few changes.

48 Nordenstreng, R., Europas Manniskoraser och Folkslag.
Lundborg and Linders, Racial Characters of the Swedish Nation, pp. 50-52.
Hooton, E. A., Up from the Ape, pp. 508-509, 535.

49 Montandon, G., La Race, Les Races.

50 Czekanowski, Jan, AAnz, vol. 5, 1928, pp. 335-359; AASF, ser. A, vol. 25, #2, 1925.

51 See Chapter IV, pp. 113-115.

52 Czekanowski, J., AFA, vol. 48, 1925, pp. 65-76.

53 Gunther, H., Rassenkunde der deutscen Volkes.

54 Luschan, F. von, JRAI, vol. 41, 1911, pp. 221-244.

55 Pruner Bey, F., MSAP, vol. 2, 1865, pp. 417-432.
Books used for the classification

32 Deniker, J., The Races of Man, pp. 280-284.

33 Topinard, P., RDAP, second series, vol. 1, p. 509, 1878, etc.

34 Haeckel, E. H., Naturliche Schopfungsgeschichte, vol. 7, pp. 626, 647.

35 Muller, Fr., Allgemeine Ethnographie, pp. 17-19.

36 Deniker, J., loc. cit.

37 Deniker, J., BSAP, vol. 12, 1899, p. 320; JRAI, vol. 34, 1904, pp. 181-206; The Races of Man, pp. 285-286.

38 Based upon Deniker's 1912 classification with some reference to his 1889 scheme as well.

39 Sergi, G., Specie e varieta umane; L' Uomo; Le Origini Umane; The Mediterranean Race.

40 Ripley, W. Z., The Races of Europe.

41 Gobineau, A. de, Essai sur l'inegalite des races humaines.

42 Verneau, R., BMSA, Paris, ser. 2, vol. 2, 1876, pp. 408-417; Arch des Missions Scientifiques et Litteraires, Paris, 1887,ser. 3, vol. 13, pp. 567-817.

43 Meyer, H., Die Insel Teneriffe; Uber die Urbewohner der Canarischen Inseln.
Luschan, F. von, article in Meyer, Teneriffe.

44 Paudler, F., Die hellfarbigen Rassen. See also his earlier article in Anthropos, vols. 12-13, 1917-18, pp. 641-694.

45 Kossinna, G., Ursprung und Verbreitung der Germanen, MannusB, #6a, 1928.

46 Eickstedt, E. von, Rassenkunde und Rassengeschichte der Menschheit.

47 I am omitting Gunther, despite his great vogue, since his system is a close Germanization of Deniker's, with a few changes.

48 Nordenstreng, R., Europas Människoraser och Folkslag.
Lundborg and Linders, Racial Characters of the Swedish Nation, pp. 50-52.
Hooton, E. A., Up from the Ape, pp. 508-509, 535.

49 Montandon, G., La Race, Les Races.

50 Czekanowski, Jan, AAnz, vol. 5, 1928, pp. 335-359; AASF, ser. A, vol. 25, #2, 1925.

51 See Chapter IV, pp. 113-115.

52 Czekanowski, J., AFA, vol. 48, 1925, pp. 65-76.

53 Gunther, H., Rassenkunde der deutscen Volkes.

54 Luschan, F. von, JRAI, vol. 41, 1911, pp. 221-244.

55 Pruner Bey, F., MSAP, vol. 2, 1865, pp. 417-432.